Labour Inspection System

The Moroccan system of labour inspection includes components of the Ministry of Labour, while others fall under the responsibility of other ministerial departments, including officials of the Mining Administration, agents of the merchant marine and all agents. Commissioned for this purpose by other administrations.

The occupational categories of the labour inspectorate under the Ministry of Labour

The labour inspectorate includes the following occupational categories:

  • Labour inspectors in the industrial, commercial and service sectors
  • Inspectors of social laws in agriculture
  • Physicians and engineers responsible for labour inspection (each within the limits of his specialty)

Labour inspectors are public officials, and have a special status (Decree 02.08.69 of 09 July 2008).

Duties, attributions, powers of labour inspectors under the Ministry of Labour.

The role of the labour inspectorate is defined by Convention No. 81 concerning IT, Convention No. 129 on IT in the agricultural sector and the Labour Code in particular Book V (Articles 530 to 548).

Labour inspectors are responsible for:

  • To ensure the control of the application of the laws and regulations relating to the work
  • To provide information and technical advice to employers and employees on the most effective means in accordance with the legal provisions.
  • To bring to the attention of the governmental authority responsible for labour the shortcomings or overruns of certain legislative and regulatory provisions in force.
  • To make conciliation attempts on individual and collective labour disputes.

For this purpose, labour inspectors can, among other things

  • To enter freely into the establishments under his control.
  • Interview all staff as well as the employer.
  • Request for the disclosure of any books, records and documents required by the labour legislation to verify their compliance with the law and to make copies or extracts thereof formal notices to employers with deadlines for violations of health and safety laws or regulations

And to enable them to ensure the enforcement of social legislation, the legislator has equipped the agents responsible for labour inspection with certain legal tools. For this purpose, the said inspectors may carry out inspection visits, send observations and issue, if necessary, formal notices with or without delay and minutes against the recalcitrant employers.

Organization and structure of the labour inspectorate

The labour inspectorate is part of the administrative structure of the deconcentrated and central services of the Ministry of Employment and Vocational Training. It is the Ministry of Labour that has the central authority responsible for supervising the inspection of the labour inspectorate.

In addition, the Ministry has central services and external services composed of Employment Delegations, which currently number 51, including 100 labour constituencies in the industrial, commercial and service sectors and 45 constituencies of social laws in agriculture.